Public Perception Study on Health Effects of Air Pollution in Thanjavur City, Tamil Nadu
Keywords:Transportation, emissions, health issues, awareness and traffic management
Air pollution is one of the major increasing factors in global problems. Currently, air pollution is causing high emissions of greenhouse gases, global warming, sea-level rise, climate change and various diseases. This is due to the release of various particulate and gaseous contaminants from the combustion of fossils. Although many countries worldwide are implementing various schemes and alternative methods to reduce or control this air pollution, obtaining clean air remains challenging. That concern, air pollution in Thanjavur city, has been increasing recently. In the present study, a public interview was conducted, and responses from 250 city dwellers were recorded. Motor vehicle transportation and the burning of other items are the cause of the high air emissions. This is causing respiratory problems and lung-related diseases among people. Of these, 26% of people suffer from eye irritation and 13% people from headaches. The study concludes that raising awareness about the effects of pollution on Thanjavur city dwellers, enforcing proper traffic management and banning old vehicles will reduce air pollution.