Kant’s Three Illusion and Khyātivāda
(An Interdisciplinary Study of Error in Knowledge)
The fundamental source of knowledge is considered senses whether it is western epistemology or Indian and intuition as a source of knowledge always faces the criticism of validity and invalidity. Moreover, when the illusion is discussed regarding sense perception the sensibility also faces doubts, but because it is the relation between subject and object it is given the benefit of doubt and it appears before us as the valid source of knowledge. Perception is the functionality of the sensibility so the validity and invalidity along with verifiability depend upon the mode of perception and sufficiency of perceptual. Similar to perception, intuition is also considered an important source of knowledge in Indian philosophy though it is not given such importance by western thinkers especially when this intuition becomes the mode of supersensible knowledge. The question here again is about validity and invalidity. The validity of the perceptual world is justified through so many methods but do we have any justification for the validity of intuition regarding the supersensible knowledge whether supersensible perception or supersensible inference? This research paper deals with this problem having the ideas of three illusions regarding the transcendental dialectic proposed by Kant in Critique of Pure Reason and the theories of Khyātivāda regarding the error in knowledge from the different Indian Schools of philosophy.