International Journal of Society and Education <p>International Journal of Society and Education (IJSE) is published by Apricus Journals, an imprint of Apricus E-Learning Solutions Pvt. Ltd. It is a tri-annual, peer-reviewed, open-access Journal published in English. Published three times a year, the International Journal of Society and Education brings out book reviews, research papers, review papers, case studies and short communication by scholars, academicians and professionals. The focus and scope of the Journal corresponds to all topics related to Sociology and Education.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"> </p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> en-US (Apricus Journals, an imprint of Apricus E-Learning Solutions Pvt. Ltd., B-403, Aishwaryam, Gaur City 2, Greater Noida (West), Uttar Pradesh, India) (Apricus Journals, an imprint of Apricus E-Learning Solutions Pvt. Ltd., B-403, Aishwaryam, Gaur City 2, Greater Noida (West), Uttar Pradesh, India) Tue, 28 Mar 2023 01:15:37 +0000 OJS 60 Migrant Labourers and Slums: A Sociological Study of Dehra <p><em>Presently there are millions of people who are still living in the slums. The majority of the slums are formed around the centre of urban cities in developed Countries. The people who can be found living in these slums are often poor and migrant labourers. In India, poverty and migrants are the leading cause of slum formation and this has led to various environmental and health issues, the migration of people and the formation of slums has become a common phenomenon in India. There are similar migrant settlements around Municipal Council Dehra in Tehsil Dehra, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. These migrant labourers are the main reason for the creation of such settlements. The present research helps us to understand the reasons for the migration of these migrant labourers, the impact on education due to migration and the condition of women living in these slums. It is found in the study, that these migrant labourers have come to this place in search of work, which has a direct impact on the education of their children. The condition of their women and girls is also not good. They have to face many types of problems in their day-to-day life. It is also found through the research, that the economic condition of these labourers improves by the migration but their social life and physical health suffer a lot as a consequence.</em></p> Ms. Anjali Sharma Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Sun, 03 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Right to Education during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Ordeal of Oraon Children from Jharkhand <p><em>Quality Education, the fourth Sustainable Development Goal has been a challenge for India, but the Covid-19 pandemic made it even more challenging by hitting hard at the most disadvantaged. Tribal children, who were already falling behind their peers because of limited or no access to education, became more vulnerable after the digitization of the education system. With this in mind, the study probes how<strong> </strong>this crisis<strong> </strong>influenced the education and mental health of Oraon children living in rural areas of Ranchi, Jharkhand. An exploratory research design has been adopted for the study. Focus group discussions and interviews were conducted thoroughly among Oraon students and their teachers. The Right to Education of these tribal children and their mental health were almost ignored during the pandemic. Sixty percent of these students experienced mental health issues like stress, anxiety, and depression because of the learning deficit. Their educational needs can be fulfilled by mitigating the digital divide and by implementing all related Acts and policies in their true spirit. Parents should listen empathetically to their children’s thoughts, feelings, and emotions. This will improve their children’s mental health and prohibit them from entering into Dhuku Systemat at this tender age in which couples go for live-in relationships mainly because of parental neglect, further pushing them to drop out of their education.</em></p> Dr. Anupam Kumar Verma, Mrs. Aishwarya Kumari Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Sat, 02 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Smartphone Addiction Culminating into Youth Deviance: A Sociological Study <p><em>The study is conducted among adolescents consisting of college students, students in higher secondary schools, and dropout youth, to investigate any risks associated with adolescents' problematic cell phone use to analyze the usual traits of a person who is psychologically hooked. The project's primary goal was to assess the risk of smartphones among teenagers. In 2022, 1080 students (40% girls and 60% boys) between the ages of 15 and 19 completed well-structured surveys particularly among late adolescents (648 males and 432 females out of 1080 samples). They were asked questions about how much time teenagers spend online each day, how often using a Smartphone leads to arguments and a variety of other topics. The study's findings suggested that owning a cell phone is a regular and everyday occurrence. The way adolescents use mobile phones is significantly different depending on the respondents' gender and age, but the disparities were particularly obvious in the comparative study of boys and girls. Boys and girls are both equally found to be indulged in smartphones beyond ordinary uses. It badly impacts their physical and mental health causing hearing impairment, irritation, stress, intolerance, etc. Smartphone-dependent teenagers are found to have a lax attitude towards deviant behaviors, specifically watching/reading pornography, hukka or smoking or drug or alcohol use, using violence, buying drugs and condoms for friends, truanting, lying, implicating false accusations, live-in relationships, break-ups, divorce, having a boyfriend or girlfriend, inter caste marriage, run-away marriages, pre-marital sexual activity, late marriage, reckless driving, and ultimately, suicide even when they are physically apart, people may be virtually connected. </em></p> Dr. Vishv Mohan, Ms. Raginipriya Mahanta Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Sun, 27 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Beyond the Classroom: The Dynamics of Social Factors in Academic Achievement <p><em>Many sociologists have worked on deriving the relationship between social factors, like socioeconomic status, gender, family, and friend circle- and the academic achievements of students. In the same manner, this study also attempts to establish a linkage of five social factors, namely, socioeconomic status, gender, family environment and family values, peer groups, and career aspirations and choices induced by society with academic achievement. Existing literature has been reviewed from different journals related to the mentioned theme. After this, it has been concluded that social factors play a pivotal role in shaping academic performance.</em></p> Mr. Nikhil Pandey Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Sun, 27 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cultural Transformation of the Status of Women in Ancient, Medieval and Modern India <p><em>The status of women has drastically transformed in the contemporary era. In the ancient period women were given due respect, for instance, the practice of ‘Gandharava Vivah’ is a feature of ancient India that demarcates gender equality on a high note. On the contrary, in modern India, the practice of honour killing in ‘Khap Panchayat’ reflects the patriarchal mindset prevalent in the contemporary period. The role of women has been confined to the domestic boundaries whereas women have remarkably contributed to traditional warfare practices. The constitutional values are not internalized, in letter and spirit. </em></p> Dr. Vishv Mohan, Ms. Deeksha, Mr. Yogesh Kumar Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Fri, 28 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Education and Muslim Women – The Contribution of the Wives of Prophet Mohammad <p><em>The Holy Qura’ n ordained that acquiring knowledge is compulsory for every Muslim and this narration applies to men and women equally. Knowledge in this context does not refer to knowledge of the Holy Quran only as no Muslim should be ignorant of his/her faith, but also covers the other areas of general education which contributes to the welfare of the society. Women in Islam are completely free to educate themselves, make contracts, entitled to inherit as a mother, daughter, sister and a wife. According to the eminent scholar Ibn Asakir, plenty of opportunities were available for women’s education in the 12<sup>th</sup> C in the medieval Islamic World. He stated that women could study and earn Ijazahs (Academic Degrees) and qualify as scholar (ulama) and teachers. He further elaborates that he himself had studied under 80 different female teachers in his times. It is very unfortunate to realize that the majority of women are ignorant about the rights given to them by Islam. It is particularly the ignorance about their religion among Muslims that has created the oppression of women since women believe that it is not right for them to demand their God-given rights, the process of this suppression continues with the following generations. According to Sachar Committee Report “majority, that is, about 69-75% of Muslim women in India do not want to educate their daughters beyond primary level of education”. This paper has presented the details of the services rendered by renowned Muslim women and their educational status in the previous centuries. The purpose is to highlight the issues Muslim women are confronted with. Today’s women can compare their situation with the women in the past and realize what conditions they have come down to.</em></p> Dr.Taiyaba Nazli Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Society and Education Tue, 28 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000